Most people think of throat cancer as a tumor (mass) in the neck. While it is a sign of throat cancer, there may be other signs too. Cancer is a rare disease where abnormal cells multiply and divide in the body uncontrollably. The abnormal cell growth refers to malignant growth.
Every 1 out of 10 estimated people diagnosed with some head, neck, or throat cancer. The sign of throat cancer is like other conditions like allergies, sinus, and cold infection. We advise a patient to undergo a complete diagnosis of throat cancer. This is because throat cancer is most treatable if detected early.
What is Throat Cancer?
Throat cancer is a cancerous tumor in the throat, tonsils, or voice box. As the cancer of the throat spreads, it may expand to nearby tissues. Throat cancer is commonly known as head and neck cancer. The problem shares a few features with mouth cancer (or oropharyngeal cancer). Throat cancer treatment is possible depending on the level of condition. Throat includes three parts which can develop cancer, termed as different types of throat cancer.
What are the common types of Throat Cancer?
Common types of throat cancer to identify are:
Laryngeal cancer is caused in the larynx (or voice box) from where it can spread to the back of the tongue. The treatment for laryngeal cancer depends on its exact location and the extent of disease including therapies like radiation.
Hypopharyngeal cancer (or pharynx cancer) is caused in the lower part of the throat. The symptoms for hypopharyngeal throat cancer are different from others. Hypopharyngeal cancer treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.
Oropharyngeal throat cancer is caused in the upper part of the pharynx. Individuals dealing with oropharyngeal cancer may experience lump on the mouth, lip, mouth, throat, or cheeks.
Squamous cell carcinoma
The squamous cell carcinoma throat cancer affects the flat cells in the throat lining. It is the most common type of throat cancer that develops in the squamous cells.
Glottic throat cancer is a malignancy of the larynx (or vocal cords) often appear with early signs of hoarseness. It is the most common type of laryngeal cancer. Subglottic cancer is caused in the lower portion of the voice cord which is a rarer malignancies condition.
What is the potential cause of throat cancer?
Throat cancer causes when throat cells develop genetic mutations. Perhaps, the mutation causes cells to grow uncountably affective healthy cells to die. The accumulation of mutation of cells in the throat forms a tumor. Although, the causes of mutation is non-identify where ENT doctors may determine the risk factor. Factors causing throat cancer risk include:
- Chewing tobacco or smoking
- Excessive use of alcohol
- Sexually transmitted HPV or Human Papillomavirus
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Lack of nutrition
- Poor dental hygiene
- Genetic or DNA syndrome
- Exposure to asbestos
Throat cancer occurs when cells in your throat develop genetic mutations. These mutations cause cells to grow uncontrollably and continue living after healthy cells would normally die. The accumulating cells can form a tumor in your throat.
It’s not clear what causes the mutation that causes throat cancer. But doctors have identified factors that may increase your risk.
5 Essential Signs of Throat Cancer to Look For
Detecting throat cancer at an early stage is difficult to identify. Many symptoms like throat infection, sore throat, common cold, and hoarseness are confused with throat cancer. Read 5 common signs to identify if you have throat cancer.
You have a Neck Mass
Neck mass or lumps can have many causes. Tooth infections, strep throat, and goitres can also cause them. ENT specialist will diagnose the exact cause, provide a prescribed treatment.
Change of Voice Tone
Many people confuse throat cancer with hoarseness. There are several potential causes of hoarseness. They may or may not be cancerous. However, if you have a chronic voice problem, you must consider visiting an ENT doctor to have it examined.
Difficulty to swallow is an inability to swallow foods or liquids. They call this Dysphagia. You may not confuse the symptoms with pain on swallowing, which is a usual sign of a throat infection. The symptoms gradually get worse affecting the patient’s diet when limiting the ability to eat foods.
Sore throat is a severe condition and a common sign to throat cancer. They often cause it because of infection of bacteria. They can also cause pharyngitis, allergies, strep throat, or smoking. However, if you have a constant sore throat that doesn’t go away after treating then you should check for throat cancer.
Unexpected Weight Loss
If you have seen a change in weight with no modification in exercise or eating habits, it could be a sign of cancer. The symptoms are a cause of a condition that is not cancerous like infections, thyroid conditions, etc. Because several diseases can cause these signs, it is always important to consult an ENT doctor who can diagnose the exact cause.
When to seek an appointment with the doctor?
Book an appointment with an ENT doctor when you see the first signs of throat cancer. Most throat cancer first signs are visible and persistent. In fact, most of the throat cancer symptoms aren’t specific to cancer, nonetheless, ENT expert will investigate the throat cancer warning signs.
Why Throat cancer treatment at Adventis Advanced Ear, Nose, and Throat?
Adventis – Advanced Ear, Nose and Throat ENT clinic offers comprehensive and therapeutic treatment for throat cancer in India. The throat cancer treatment combines a multi-disciplinary approach to involve advanced surgical technology and radiation oncology. Moreover, we specialise in the treatment of types of throat cancer.
We at Adventis ENT Clinics value compassionate and individual care. You can reach our ENT Clinic to receive the world-class care you deserve. If you experience any of the above signs of throat cancer, please schedule an appointment with us today.