Nasal Polyps

Aggressive Diffuse Nasal Polyps
Aggressive Diffuse Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are masses or growths within the nose and are usually non-malignant. Rarely a polyp may be due to tumour.

Polyps may be single or multiple, and can occur on one side (unilateral) or both sides(bilateral). These may present in any age. Poylps in children are often unilateral, and adults often present with bilateral polyps.

Patients who suffer with allergy are generally more prone to develop these polyps.

Depending on the severity of polyps, symptoms includes progessive nasal blockage, nasal discharge, reduced sense of smell and recurrent episodes of cold. Rarely polyps may cause bleeding. These symptoms may often be similar to those of sinusitis.

It is important to seek ENT consultation to ascertain the nature and severity of the polyps. A CT scan of nose and paranasal sinuses may be advised to determine the extent of the polyps.

Intial treatment is often medical and includes nasal washing, nasal sprays, antiallergics, antibiotics and steroids.

If the symptoms are refractory to medical treatment then surgical treatment by minimally invasive functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) should be considered. Microdebrider (shaver) technology is used during FESS and is the current standard of care in the surgical management of nasal polyps.

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